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   2016| January-June  | Volume 1 | Issue 1  
    Online since September 7, 2016

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Outcome of in vitro fertilization procedure at a private fertility center in Nnewi, South-East Nigeria
Joseph Ifeanyichukwu Ikechebelu, George Uchenna Eleje, Kennedy Ibadin, Ngozi Nneka Joe-Ikechebelu, Kester Nwaefulu, Somadina I Okwelogu
January-June 2016, 1(1):2-5
Background: Infertility has grown to be a major health and social challenge in our environment that a childless marriage is regarded as a failed marriage. Couples are therefore ready to do all within their power to achieve pregnancy and have a baby of their own. This is the yawning gap assisted reproductive technology is fulfilling. Objective: To determine the outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures 2 years after the commencement of the IVF program in a private hospital setting in Nnewi, Nigeria. Methods: From October 1, 2010 to September 30, 2012, 115 couples had conventional IVF procedures in batches of 10-15 couples. The outcome measures were clinical pregnancy rate, miscarriage rate, live birth rate, and sex ratio following one or two cycles of treatment. The results were analyzed using Epi info software 2013 version 7.0. Results: The mean age of the participants was 43.7 ± 3.5 years. The maximum number of embryos transferred per woman was four and minimum was one. The rates of clinical pregnancy, live births and multiple pregnancies were 30%, 18.3%, and 6.0%, respectively. Of the 31 women who conceived, 21 (67.7%) delivered live infants and 10 (32.3%) aborted in the first trimester. There was no case of ectopic pregnancy. The male:female sex ratio was 2:1. The mean endometrial thickness at embryo transfer (ET) was 8.9 ± 2.3 mm. Conclusion: The success rate of IVF-ET was good even in low resource settings and optimal endometrial thickness prior to ET may be one of the key success factors. The preponderance of male sex infants in our IVF births is acceptable to the couples who ordinarily have a preference for male infant.
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Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome with Schistosomiasis: A case report
Thompson Odeku, Stephen S Hati, Mopelola K Oluwolade, Ibrahim Wada
January-June 2016, 1(1):6-9
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a well-known iatrogenic condition, debatably regarded as rarely occurring, but a serious complication observed during in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment. Its manifestations alongside other disease conditions have being mentioned in many case reports, but not with schistosomiasis. We herein present the case of a 33 year old, P 1 + 0 woman with features of moderate OHSS during IVF treatment and subsequently diagnosed with schistosomiasis. Both conditions were treated and resumed to the fertility clinic two months later where frozen embryo replacement was planned for her, using a natural cycle and two embryos were put back. She became pregnant and made good progress with her antenatal. Extensive review of literature showed that schistosomiasis was not reported in association with OHSS; our case report presents an instructive guide to clinicians to always look beyond surgical complications such as bladder and ureteric injuries in IVF patients.
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AFRH Conference 2015 Abstracts

January-June 2016, 1(1):10-15
  - 3,420 347
President message
Faye Iketubosin
January-June 2016, 1(1):1-1
  - 2,889 359